Understanding Fishing Rods


You would think a fishing rod would be a pretty simple design, and that would be the easiest purchase to make when starting out fishing.

In reality, there are more rods than you can poke a stick at, and each rod has a purpose. Getting the wrong rod for the type of fishing you want to do, can make your ability to land good fish very difficult.

You have everything from short and stiff rods to massive over sized rods for casting off the beach.

So where do you begin when choosing a fishing rod.

The Purpose Of A Fishing Rod:

There are two main functions of a fishing rod:

  1. The ability to cast your lure or bait.
  2. Help you fight the fish once hooked.

There is a bit of a compromise between these to functions.

A good casting rod will be long, and but you will sacrifice power when fighting a strong fish.

A game fishing rod is short and stiff, and is hopeless for casting, but acts as a very powerful lever for fighting huge fish.

Most anglers starting out will want a rod that has some casting ability, so we will focus on those types of rods.

Game Fishing Rods

Rod Length:

How long you want your rod will depend on the type of fishing you want to do.

If you plan on fishing from the beach or rocks, you will want to be able to make huge casts. So a really long rod is best for you.

These types of rods can be 10-14 feet (3-4m).

However anglers who want to cast from boats, or towards specific structure or objects in the water, then you will need a rod that requires a little more casting accuracy.

These rods are shorter and can be anything from 6-8 feet (1.8-2m).

Fishing Rod Materials:

The materials used to wrap a rod will have a big affect on the action of the rod.

Modern day rods are made of graphite, carbon fiber or fiberglass. In fact many rods will have various materials and be a composite rod.

These rods are much like a modern golf club and require a lot of care when transporting and storing.

What material is right for you?

Well a fiber glass rod will often be very strong. But the action of the rod will be quite slow.

A graphite rod is stiff, yet light. However these rods can break and shatter very easily.

If possible the best all round rod will be a combination of materials such as fiberglass or graphite.

Your safest bet is to go for a fiberglass rod, which will be much more durable and forgiving as you get used to your gear, and learning to fish.